For over 50 years, George F. Johnson worked to build one of the largest and most successful manufacturing organizations in United States history, The Endicott-Johnson Shoe Corporation. Endicott-Johnson was a mammoth operation located in and around Binghamton, NY. At its height Endicott-Johnson employed over 20,000 people, across nearly two dozen plants. Johnson's company produced more than 52 million pairs of shoes a year, nearly 30% of the shoes made in America at the time. But more importantly, E-J Shoes became for many a shining example of how a company and its workers could transform the way American industry operated.



Learning Standards

  • NYS Learning Standards: Social Studies 1, 2, 4
  • National Council for the Social Studies Themes: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, 10

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Further Resources



Endicott-Johnson Shoe FactorySamples of Endicott-Johnson shoes

E-J Workers Review from October 1920