An estimated 1.7 million children and adults sustain a traumatic brain injury each year. Currently more than 3.1 million children and adults in the United States live with a lifelong disability as a result of TBI.
What is traumatic brain injury? A traumatic brain injury occurs when an external force traumatically injures the brain. Causes include falls, vehicle accidents, and violence. TBI can cause a host of physical, cognitive, emotional, and behavioral effects, and outcome can range from complete recovery to permanent disability or death. Depending on the injury, treatment required may be minimal or may include medications and emergency surgery. Physical therapy, speech therapy, and other cognitive rehabilition techniques may be utilized.
Dr. Chris Yanusas, neuropsychologist, UHS Binghamton
Belinda Turke, Lead Regional Resource Development Specialist for the Traumatic Brain Injury Medicaid Waiver Program