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Nicaragua's President Withdraws Social Security Reforms That Sparked Violent Unrest

Anti-government protesters gather below the one metal tree sculpture remaining after pulling down a second one, a monument that is emblematic of the government of Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega, at the Jean Paul Jennie round-about in Managua, Nicaragua. (AP Photo/Alfredo Zuniga)

Updated at 9:37 p.m. ETThe welfare reform package proposed by Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega that set off days of deadly protests has been canceled. In a televised national address, Ortega said the board of Nicaragua's social security system had voted to revoke the measures that were approved last week.The sweeping pension overhaul plan that increases contributions for workers and employer, but lowers overall benefits. The changes sparked demonstrations Wednesday that escalated into several days of violent anti-government demonstrations. "The protests have killed at least seven people and injured hundreds more," Ortega said in his message to the country, according to Reuters.But a local human rights group, the Nicaraguan Human Rights Office (Cenidh), says at least 25 people have been killed in the clashes. President Ortega's forces are accused of using live rounds to quell the demonstrations.The protests have been partly driven by students in the capital of Managua, but have rippled to at least 10 cities across the country.In the coastal city of Bluefield, a journalist broadcasting on Facebook Live was reportedly shot in the head and killed. Angel Gahona was talking about a broken ATM machine when a gunshot is heard and his body slumps to the ground. The video, which has been widely circulated on social media seems to have poured fuel on the protests.Ortega has been in office since 2007. This is his fourth term as president, and the protests are widely seen as his biggest challenge yet.In earlier remarks Saturday, Ortega seemed to further enrage Nicaraguans by saying the protesters were being politically manipulated; and pointed to the reforms as only being a proposal, and that he was open to negotiations with the business community.The business community however, which is widely seen as an ally to the government, released a statementsaying it would not sit down until freedom is speech is restored and police violence stops.The BBC reports that independent TV stations have been taken off the air after broadcasting the protests live.In Managua, protesters are reportedlylooting dozens of businessesand have also toppled a tree of life sculpture that was erected as part of the First Lady and Vice President Rosario Murillo's beautification initiative. The toppling of the sculpture seen as a purposeful reprimand of Murillo.On Sunday, Pope Francis called the bloodshed in Nicaragua "useless" and called for a peaceful resolution "with a sense of responsibility."The U.S. State Department is calling for calm in the country, saying in a statement, "We condemn the violence and the excessive force used by police and others against civilians." Copyright 2018 NPR. To see more, visit https://www.npr.org/.